Mar 11, 2009

Italian fish & seafood names, translated

When I post fish and seafood recipes, I always try to keep the species and names as precise as possible, but in converting many of the local varieties into English, some usually slip out of the fishnet and get lost in translation.

I've put together a list of common Italian marine species, with Latin binomial and English translations which may help you decide what might work as a substitute, should the Mediterranean catch I mention not be available where you live.

Aguglia: Gar-fish (Belone belone) – The near absence of bones makes this fish a favorite among Italian children. Curious trait, unlike most other fish, the few bones aguglie do have are green!

Anguilla: European Eel (Anguilla anguilla) – A snakelike fish that lives in fresh water, and breeds in the sea. An urban legend states that wallets made out of electric eels can demagnetize credit cards. This was proven to be untrue, eel-skin wallets are infact made from hagfish which are unrelated to electric eels. Furthermore, it seems logic that magnetic clasps, not eel leather, are to blame for demagnetization.

Alice/Acciuga: European anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) – The silvery European anchovy travels in large schools, which help confuse predators. These small fish (reaching only 15 cm, or 5-6 inches maximum) normally hug the coastline in shallow waters. Alici can be prepared in a variety of ways, deep fried, grilled, sometimes even eaten raw as ceviche. Anchovies are also proverbially canned, pureed into a paste, or preserved in salt, and are used in many sauces and condiments.

Aringa: Atlantic Herring (Clupea harengus) – Herring are among the most spectacular schoolers, they aggregate together in groups of hundreds of thousands of individuals. North Atlantic herring schools have been measured up to 4 cubic kilometers in size, containing an estimated 4 billion fish.

Aragosta: Mediterranean Lobster (Palinurus elephas) – This is a spiny lobster, customarily caught in the Mediterranean Sea. Its common names include European spiny lobster, common spiny lobster, and red lobster.

Astice Europeo: European Lobster (Homarus gammarus) – The European lobster is solitary, nocturnal and territorial, living in holes or crevices in the sea floor during the day. In the summer, lobsters seek mates often in rival corridors but, occasionally, they will look to their own territory to quench their wild crustacean lust. These sybaritic migrations are the peak time for lobster fishery.

Branzino/Spigola: European Seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) – This fish has come under increasing pressure from commercial fishing, and has recently become the focus of a conservation effort by recreational anglers. In Italy the seabass is subject of intensive breeding in salt waters. Some sustainable Branzino aquaculture farms raise their precious fish inland, far from coastal waters where wild fish feed and breed. But this raises the question of refuse disposal...

Calamaro Europeo: Squid (Loligo vulgaris) – This versatile little creature is virtually a small engineering miracle. Especially in the kitchen: the body of the squid can be stuffed whole, cut into flat squares or sliced into rings for Frittura di Calamari. The arms, tentacles and ink are also edible; in fact, the only parts of the squid that are not eaten are its beak and gladius (long thin hard horny remnant of its evolved mollusk shell).

Capasanta: Pilgrim scallop (Pecten jacobaeus) – The scallop shell is the traditional emblem of Saint James the Greater and is popular with pilgrims on the Way of St. James to the apostle's shrine at Santiago de Compostela, in Spain. Medieval Christians making the pilgrimage to his shrine often wore a scallop shell symbol on their hat or clothes. The pilgrim also carried a scallop shell with him and would show at churches, castles, and abbeys etc. along the way, where he could expect to be given as much sustenance as he could pick up with one scoop. The association of Saint James with the scallop can most likely be traced to the legend that the apostle once rescued a knight covered in scallops. An alternate version of the legend holds that while St. James' remains were being transported to Spain from Jerusalem, the horse of a knight fell into the water, and emerged covered in the shells. A darkly romantic and beautiful, dreamlike image.

Carpa: Carp (Cyprinus carpio) – In Victoria, Australia, the invasive common carp has been declared as noxious fish species, there is no restriction therefore on the quantity that a fisher can take. In South Australia, it is an offence for this species to be released back to the wild, and an Australian company churns common carp into plant fertilizer. That's a lot of carp.

Cernia: Dusky Grouper (Epinephelus marginatus) – It is said to have the best taste of all Mediterranean fishes. The Dusky Grouper has a big body with a huge, fat-lipped Mick Jagger mouth, one long dorsal fin and a rounded tail. Its livery varies from brown to green depending on season and age. It is furthermore a protogynous hermaphrodite, product of a common mutation in which the young are predominantly female but transform into males, as they grow larger. With age, and living in a repressed chauvenist society, I'm starting to see the implicit advantages in this bizarre metamorphosis.

Castagnola/Guarracino: Black Damselfish (Chromis chromis) – I have never heard of anybody employing these fish for culinary use. I'm only mentioning them because guarracini are such charming little black fish; they come swimming between your feet in shallow to medium rocky depths. A 1700s tarantella song is dedicated to the small swimmer, and the lyrics narrate the story of the guarracino's troubled marriage to the sardine; the gossip, jealousy and the huge fight that takes place among the wedding reception guest-fishes, all of whom are minutely listed in the song.

Cicale/Canocchie/Canoce: Mantis Shrimp (Squilla mantis) – Mantis shrimp are not really shrimp. They are fierce predators often nicknamed thumb-cutters. Once cooked, their carapace is hard to open, but can be sliced along the bottom and sucked messily with slurping sounds.

Coregone: Lake or Common Whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) – The Lake whitefish is considered LC (Least Concern) on the IUCN conservation list. The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation.

Cozze/Mitili: Mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) – I remember I was 7 when I got my first cholera shot. The pandemic had hit Naples quite hard and people were dropping like flies. Some say eating raw mussels on the Lungomare may have played some part in the outbreak. My arm hurt for a week after the vaccination, and I've always been careful of not eating raw mussels.

Dentice: Dentex (Dentex dentex) – Dentice is one of the most prized Mediterranean fish. Rich, flavorful, and gains a special something when prepared with rustic tomato sauce or salt roasted. If you live beyond the Mediterranean, Sea Bream or Porgy are excellent substitutes.

Gallinella/Capone/Coccio: Sea Robin, Tub gurnard, Tubfish, Yellow or Grey gurnard (Chelidonichthys lucernus/Eutrigla gurnardus) – The Sea Robin's flesh is delicious, firm and tender when cooked. It serves as adequate replacement to scorfano, in fish stews like Bouillabaisse and the Italian Cacciucco.

Gambero: Northern Prawn or Pink Shrimp (Pandalus borealis) – Many different English names are used, with little consensus (deep-water shrimp, cold-water shrimp, northern shrimp, Alaskan pink shrimp, pink shrimp, northern red shrimp). Often the word shrimp is replaced by prawn, albeit incorrectly.

Grongo: European Conger eel (Conger conger) – Jules Verne-type creature of the deep, conger eels can be quite scary if encountered during deep sea diving, considering the snake-like monsters can measure up to 3 meters (10 ft), and weigh up to 65 kg (143 lbs). As a child I once saw one hauled off a fishing boat onto the pier in Positano, and the image made such an intense impression, that it haunted my dreams (and swims) for many days after. As an adult, I tasted it both baked and fried. And never really developed a liking to it.

Lampuga: Dolphinfish, Dorado or Mahi-mahi (Coryphaena hippurus) Mahi-mahi dwells in Mediterranean waters too, don’t let the Polynesian name fool you. In Sicily, especially in the area around Porto Palo of the island's southern Capo Passero for example, fishermen weave plam-leaf floating "carpets" tied to a heavy anchored weight, creating a large shadow area in the lampuga inhabited coastal waters. This system takes advantage of the mahi-mahi's typical behavior of hanging out in shadowy patches near the coastline during daylight hours. It is a highly appreciated food, but beware: some restaurants will substitute any soft flaky white fish instead of real mahi mahi because it is cheaper.

Lompo: Lumpsucker (Cyclopterus lumpus) – Its translucent orange eggs are used as a delicious and affordable alternative to the wildly expensive caviar produced by sturgeons.

Mazzancolle: Caramote Prawns (Penaeus kerathurus) – Very, very tasty custaceans. These prawns can be quite large, and more richly colored than most common pink shrimp. Because of their quality, size and colors, mazzancolle are sometimes called Gambero Imperiale, or imperial shrimp.

Merlano/Molo/Moletto: Whiting (Merlangius merlangus) – another Atlantic cod-like fish whose eggs travel with Gulf stream currents across oceans, and down from Britain to our enclosed Italian seas.

Merluzzo: Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) – Not a Mediterranean fish, however Italians consume large quantities of cod. On the Italian table, cod can be either "stoccafisso" (dried cod) or "baccalà" (salted cod).

Marmora/Mormora/Pagro: Redbanded Seabream or Red Porgy (Pagrus auriga) – Red porgy may be sold as "Tai" in sushi restaurants. Then again several other species, including tilapia, red sea bream and red snapper are also marketed as Tai...

Muggine/Cefalo: Flathead Grey Mullet (Mugil cephalus) – Its essiccated roe is called bottarga, which is commonly grated on seasoned spaghetti; or eaten sliced as an appetizer during Roman Jewish saders.

Nasello: European Hake (Merluccius merluccius) – Many stocks in Northern Europe are over-fished, and hake are a slow-growing, late maturing species, that makes them vulnerable to over-exploitation. Plus, the methods used to catch hake – midwater trawls and gill nets – are associated with a high capture rate of immature fish which are discarded, and also kill dolphins. I boycot hake.

Occhiata: Saddled bream (Oblada melanura) – Occhiata means "glance," and this fish has indeed very large eyes. It's easily recognizeable also by the dark stripe at the beginning of the tail.

Ombrina: European Drum, Bearded Umbrine, Shi Drum or Corb (Umbrina cirrosa) – belong to the scaienidae family, which is better known as "drums or croakers." Drum fish and croaker fish are differentiated by whether they produce a drumming sound or a croaking sound when they pop their heads above the water. They like to live in rocky environments.

Orata: Gilt-head Seabream (Sparus aurata) – Gilt-head seabreams are very popular in Italian fish markets, and along with sole fish, among the fisrt to be fed to small children.

Ostrica: Oyster (Crassostrea gigas) – Italians love their Belon and oysters, and even if wisdom dictates to never eat them in summer, when they are filled with milk and can spoil easily because of the heat, I've recently enjoyed the Tsarskaya variety that is farmed at extreme depths, and can be eaten safely year round.

Parago/Pagello/Fragolino: Pandora (Pagellus erythrinus) – Not home to the Na'vi, rather a popular fish species in Mediterranean countries, with delicate white flesh, silver in color and with a pink tinge. Perhaps this is why in Italy its most common name is "fragolino," which is a diminutive term associated with the idea of a little strawberry.

Passera di mare/Platessa: European Plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) – Breaded frozen plaice fillets, ready to be baked or fried at home, are readily available in Italian supermarkets. Plaice is very similar to halibut.

Persico: Perch (Perca fluviatilis) – Prized fresh-water fish, and used in a variety of Italian recipes.

Pezzogna: Bluespotted, Red or Blackspot Seabream (Pagellus bogaraveo) – A very similar fish to Pandora or Snapper. On the Amalfi coast this is the fish most commonly cooked all'acqua pazza.

Polpo/Polipo: Octopus (Octopus vulgaris) – Common Octopus is intelligent enough to learn how to unscrew a jar and is proverbially known to raid lobster traps. Octopi are so gluttonous of and feared by the posh crustaceans, that if one should inadvertently be dropped in a lobster tank, a heart attack would decimate the clawed creatures in a matter of seconds. I've seen it happen in a Viareggio restaurant. Among the other stunned patrons, I got complimentary lobster that night. The waiter culprit, on the other hand, got fired.

Rana Pescatrice or Coda di Rospo: Anglerfish or Monkfish (Lophius piscatorius) – Aka "one of the ugliest fish in the sea." Because of the fish's innate appearance, many market stalls display monkfish either turned upside down or skinned, selling only the tail ends, where the edible flesh is. Monkfish are usually caught using bottom trawls, a method that can damage seafloor habitat and often results in high accidental by-catch of other species that are then discarded. Monkfish are also caught using gill nets; this can result in the accidental catch and death of sea turtles and marine mammals.

Razza/Arzilla: Thornback ray (Raja clavata) – Like all rays it has a flattened body with broad, wing-like pectoral fins. The body is kite-shaped with a long, spiky tail, and the back is covered in numerous thorny spines. Ray is not a prized fish, and in Italy it's often used in simple preparations, to add flavor to fish stews, soups and pasta dishes. A typical Roman specialty is a soup made with broccoli and ray.

Riccio di Mare: Sea Urchin (Echinoidea) – Female sea urchins can be black, or dull shades of green, olive, brown, purple, and red. They are harvested primarily for their gonads (reproductive organs) which are referred to by the culinary term "roe," a true delicacy. Urchin roe is a popular sushi item, sold under the Japanese name Uni. Urchin roe is served in a variety of forms including with rice, preserved in brine and alcohol and salt and in casseroles. I snorkel and harvest my own, eating them raw straight from the sea. Delicious!

Ricciola: Amberjack (Seriola dumerilii) – Amberjack tend to like the high seas, and are delicately flavored, with firm, white flesh. They can be quite large, so I usually purchase ricciola in fillets and grill or bake them with just a touch of olive oil, lemon and breadcrumbs.

Rombo chiodato: Turbot (Psetta maxima) – Turbot is a large flat fish, whose flesh is very tasty, especially oven-baked with potatoes. The Italian name, rombo chiodato, means 'full of nails' referring to the presence of spiny knobs on its dark upper surface that look like nail heads.

Salmone: Salmon (Salmo salar) – Consuming wild-caught or sustainably farmed salmon is considered to be reasonably healthy due to the fish's high protein, high Omega3 fatty acids, and high vitamin D content. Here is a splendid salmon recipe shared here by a British Columbia friend and fellow foodie.

San Pietro: John Dory (Zeus faber) – This beautiful (and pricey) fish is recognizeable by its bizarre, almost prehistoric shape, frayed dorsal fin and the distinctive pair of spots on its sides. I love to bake it whole and spend hours picking away at its heavy bones, or splitting it into 4 fillets and cooking it briefly all'acqua pazza, with just a hint of fresh tomatoes and a thread of olive oil.

Sarago: White Seabream (Diplodus sargus) – When this hermaphrodite fish goes in heat, its forehead turns blue. The firm and tasty flesh is very similar to Porgy, and it is best broiled, grilled or poached.

Sarda/Sardina: Sardine (Sardina pilchardus) – Sardines (or Pilchards) are very common in the Mediterranean (and not only). Most associate sardines with canned fish, but the fresh fish are so much better tasting.

Scampi: Norwegian lobster, Dublin Bay prawn, Langoustine (Nephrops norvegicus) – Many names for the large spiny prawns with claws that grace the Italian table. Several shrimp and prawn farmers worldwide are experimenting with innovative aquaculture methods such as enclosed, recirculating systems that filter wastewater and can be located far from the coast, reducing impact on the environment, and thus also rearing healthier crustaceans.

Scorfano: Scorpionfish (Scorpaena scrofa) – This fish is the key element in Livorno's signature fish stew, Cacciucco. With the tastiest inner cheeks in nature, scorfano's ugly face conceals 2 prized morsel for connoisseurs.

Seppia: European or Common Cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) – Cuttlefish–and its black ink–are starring ingredients in the Italian cuisine, gracing risotto, entrées and pasta dishes. Eugenio Montale's ground breaking debut collection of poetry "Ossi di Seppia" (Cuttlefish Bones) was published in Turin in 1925. Montale, who grew up in Liguria along the Mediterranean Sea, was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1975, for his long and prolific career. Montale's Cuttlefish Bones remains one of the best-known and influential collections of Italian 20th-century poetry.

Sgombro: Mackerel (Scomber scombrus) – Its high oil content makes this particular fish loved by nutritionists and cholesterol patients, and shunned by dieting supermodels. Lovely grilled and roasted, or pickled. The canned kind is excellent squeezed of its packing oli, crumbled over salad, and dressed with just a splash of lemon juice, and some dill.

Siluro: Wels catfish (Silurus glanis) – A gigantic fresh water behemoth. In the North, particularly in areas neighboring the River Po, children have long been terrorized by the pesce siluro and his predatory reputation; "If you don't eat your dinner, the siluro is going to leap out of the Po and eat you in one gulp". This sort of 'educating' behavior is however sustained by disquieting facts: oftentimes, amateur fishermen have been known to misteriously disappear during angling excursions on the sandy banks of Italy's major river, and the largest accurate weight of recreationally angled local Wels was 144 kg (317 lbs) for a 2,78 mt (9 ft)–long specimen from precisely the Po River Delta. Brrr...

Sogliola: Common, Atlantic or Dover Sole (Solea solea) – Sole play a starring role on the Italian dinner table, and are among the first fish most Italian kids eat. Scrupulous mothers prepare it 'al piatto' (cooked between two plates over boiling water), my mini-gourmet prefers it floured and quickly sauteed in butter, 'alla mugniaia,' the Italian equivalent of the French meunière.

Spada: Swordfish (Xiphias gladius) – Because of their massive size – an average swordfish weighs aropuns 100 lbs – they're usually sold as steaks.
Health Alert: The nonpartisan nature advocacy group Environmental Defense Fund has issued a consumption advisory for swordfish due to elevated levels of mercury.

Spatola/Pesce Sciabola: Silver Scabbardfish (Lepidopus caudatus) – Silver scabbardfish are deep-water fish despite their looks, are molto delicious. They're easy to prepare (no scales!) and loved by kids, simply dredged in flour, fried, and served drizzled with lemon juice.

Sugarello/Suro: Atlantic horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus) – Sugarello gets its English name from the legend that other smaller species of fish could ride on the back of it over great distances. Other names include Common Scad, Maasbanker, Pollock, Saurel, and Rough Scad. Sugarello is also known to be a voracious jellyfish eater.

Tonno: Northern Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus) – The tonnara (tuna fishing village ) of San Vito Lo Capo is a stunning place. The crystal waters are so inviting and clean, you are driven to dive in. When I visited I was 3 months pregnant and enjoying the end of morning sickness season. That's where I first learned about the slaughter called mattanza and how the entire community survived on that seasonal activity.

Tonno Alalunga: Albacore (Thunnus alalunga) – A number of programs have been developed to help consumers identify and support responsible and sustainable fisheries. Perhaps the most widely accepted of these is that of the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC). After extensive review of the best available science, MSC declared the U.S. North and South Pacific albacore pole and line, and troll fisheries ("pole & troll") as the first and only certified sustainable tuna fisheries in the world. The MSC certification program establishes that the seafood product is traceable to the certified sustainable fishery. By purchasing products bearing the MSC blue tick eco-label, consumers express their support for sustainable fisheries and encourage the use of sound fishing methods that promote the future health and abundance of ocean ecosystems.

Tonnetto: Bullet Tuna, Maru Frigate Mackerel or Little Tunny (Auxis rochei) – There are many other members of the tuna family, like for example the tonnetto, which is identified as bullet tuna, or little tunny.

Totano: Broadtail Shortfin Squid, or Flying Squid (Todarodes sagittatus) – Totani resemble calamari, the common squid, but with differently placed fins and a more elongated body. They can also be larger, like common squid and octopus, but the smaller specimens are overall better tasting and textured.

Triglia: Striped Red Mullet and Surmullet (Mullus barbatus, Mullus surmuletus) – There are two closely related species. One is Tiglia di Scoglio, or reef mullet; the fish are larger, and live in rocky sea bottoms. The other is Triglia di Fango, or mud mullet, paler in color than reef mullet, and smaller.

Trota: Trout (Salmo trutta) – Lake brown trout are quite common in Italian fish markets, given the many waterways and laghi.

Telline: Wedge shells (Donax trunculus) – Also called arselle in Italian, telline are tiny, wedge-shaped smooth clams that live in the sand banks close to the shore.
Commercially, telline are fished by boats carrying nets that drag through kilometres of the superficial layer of the sand banks, a huge environmental no-no.
Unfortunately, like many other sea creatures they've been overharvested and are not as common as they once were. The only testimony of their popularity is the few empty shells washed up on the shore after the tide goes out. Silent early morning walks on the sandy beach, and picking up empty telline shells is my son’s favorite meditation technique. I associate bruschetta topped with garlic sautéed telline to the flavor of Roman summer. At the Mastino seafood restaurant in Fregene – a coastal resort town just south of Rome's Fiumicino sea/airport – you can still get some under the counter.

Vongole: Striped Venus Clams (Venerupis aurea) – There are several clam varieties in Italy, like the renown Vongole Veraci, (Venerupis decussata) identified as Carpet Shell clams, or Tartufi (Venus verrucosa), or the small, striped Vongole poveracce, known in the English speaking world as Venus clams. All work wonderfully with sauteed garlic and a dash of parsley. Spaghetti and colatura di alici are welcome companions.

Cicenielli, Gianchetti or Bianchetti is the name attributed to any kind of baby catch, very small, jelly-like and transparent, prepared either steamed or fried in a light batter. Other names such as Allievi (pupils), Neonata (newborn) or Latterini (local whitebait) designate other varieties of small newborn fishes. Only the latter can be bought without infringing the law, since latterini are a particular species that never grows larger than their 2–inch size, while as far as the others kinds of newborn catch mentioned, their marketing is illegal. In fact whitebait generally consists of immature herring, sprat, sardines, mackerel, bass and many others, therefore a non-ecologicial foodstuff.

Fravaglio, on the other hand are the slightly larger (but only a few centimeter long) minnow-shaped young fish types, like for example fravaglio di triglia, is what's intended for young striped red mullets; fravaglio di alici, young anchovies. These are typically deep fried and eaten whole in the famed Fritto di Paranza, splashed with lemon juice and paired with a raw cipolla scamazzata, an onion whose juices and flavor have been released by a strong overhand punch.

Did I leave out what you were looking for?


  1. Excellent post, most exhautive.

  2. I never managed to quite fathom what they are feeding us at work under the name of pangasio.
    I think this is an import, but would you have any idea?

  3. As beautiful of a post as this is, I would highly encourage you to watch the documentary, "The End of the Line." I come from a Mediterranean family also. My great grand-father was a fisherman in the Mediterranean of Spain. San Lucar de Barrameda. Unfortunately, since the industrialization of fisheries started in the 1950's, we are currently over fishing and driving many species to extinction. One of the big ones right now is the Bluefin Tuna. That species has declined nearly 70%. It's heartbreaking. What's difficult is most people, including myself, didn't realize what we are doing to the fish in our waters. Sustainability needs to be on the top of our lists and we need to learn about it. There's hope :D

    Jamie Oliver and many other leaders in sustainability are no longer using fish on the endangered list.

    There's more to be found here.

    It's a problem that we all need to learn about to make informed decisions on how we source and eat fish. With knowledge is power.

    Great companies that are making a difference in sustainability of fish.

    This would be a great issue to share with your readers.

    You have a beautiful site and one that I'm glad I found!

  4. i appreciate fish and food straight from the sea...and i hope this time next year to be enjoying it in italy, at least that is the plan we are saving towards...

  5. Natalie~
    I will update the post to include pangasio. It's a very cheap fresh water fish, no wonder it's often served in cafeterias... Known abroad as Swai or Striped Catfish.

    Thank you for the wealth of information included in your comment. You actually beat me to it, I had scheduled a follow-up post to this one, developing on the Marine Stewardship Council mention in this piece, illustrating the devastating effects of overfishing, by-catch and stressing the importance of ethical sourcing, MBA eating guides etc.

    Woo hoo, how exciting!! Let's email soon. Are you planning to come to Rome too?

  6. Thank you very much! Very usefulinfo. I always stumble upon fish names.

  7. what a beautifully written and comprehensive post, lola -- so much work!! thank you for that -- this represents a vault of seafood knowledge i can rely on for years -- brava my friend!

    .......and that foto of the catfish from the po river is, well......hard to believe! i've never seen a catfish that big -- no wonder it's the stuff of legend!

  8. Thank you for this most informative "fishy" post. Very well done!

  9. SanTatiana~
    Thank you, I'm happy you found this useful!

    I'm glad you interpreted the meaning of this post: a guide for Italian meals to come! (hence the desire to write a BOOK...)

    Grazie, happy you enjoyed it!

  10. Fantastic! I have bookmarked this post for extensive study! This is one area where I was (and am) perennially confused... san pietro vs. scorfano, spigola vs orata, scampi vs mazzancolle vs canocchie, telline vs. vongole... I never really managed to get those distinctions sort out!

  11. I'm going to forward that photo of the pesce siluro to a couple of noodlers I know. Here's a challenge for ya....
    Wonderully written and researched, Lola.

  12. Great list which must have taken some considerable time to put together!

  13. "... and though some people consider reef mullet superior, this is often more preconception than fact."

    Some people consider McDonald's superior to authentic Italian cuisine, but this is probably also more preconception than fact.

    "Did I leave out what you were looking for?"

    Yeah, I was looking for some fugu.

  14. Thanks for this list...I think I may print it out for when I go to the fish market or the seafood restaurants near the beach this summer. I never know what's what, just know the few things we've tried and like (well, it's actually been the ones we've tried and ALL like, including my son).

    With the increasing popularity of seafood, it's scary that some fish populations are way too low. Thanks for the sustainability info Diana; will be checking it out before shopping or eating out.

  15. Frank~
    I'm happy you found this useful, I've always had trouble sorting them out too!

    ...and that's an average size, not the biggest!

    It did, but it was worth it. Glad you find it useful. Could have included more freshwater species, though...

    Can't find fugu (pufferfish) on Italian seafood menus! There's only a handful of chefs who know how to carve away fugu's deadly poison, and avoid it contaminating the meat.
    As far as McDonalds, whoever considers it superior to Italian cuisine probably avoids this site.

    Download the pdf WWF sustainable eating guide HERE

  16. Thanks for such an extensive post. I bookmarked if for future reference. Also, thank you in advance for the siluro nightmare I am going to have tonight - Gary

  17. my god, lola, could anything be more comprehensive? i had to laugh abit because i've lived near the sea for most of my life and yet i recognized two, maybe three, from this exhaustive wonderful glossary. a book for certain!!! you can count on my book order without a doubt. i will show it to all my friends. and i will savor your recipes.

    i hope you are well. a bit of a tough week honoring renee. amazing.


  18. Oh my goodness, what a post! A wealth of information here Lola! Thank you for your generosity, now i will go back and read this slower and more thouroughly.
    have a great week ahead.

  19. TV Food & Drink-
    When I last visted the Po River Valley, I had siluro nightmares too! ;)

    You did a great job honoring Renee all week. Your deeply touching tributes to her underlined how much she is missed and so dearly loved by the blogging community.

    I'm sure there are many Pacific Ocean species that can substitute these Mediterranean ones. How lucky you are to live so close to the sea!!!

    Lola xx

  20. This is sooo useful. I remember getting here and trying to find what branzino was in English and just getting more and more confused.
    Same problem with non-seafood names to. Like Trippa. I had never eaten tripe either

  21. Found your website when googling for a fish name - most useful, thank you! We just moved to Venice a month ago (from Scotland) - we'd holidayed here lots of times before so know the more common names, but still finding new ones all the time. Although of course we're never sure if they are just local names or not. Yesterday I wrote down 'azia razza' to look up and I see you have razza/arzilla as a type of ray, but this didn't look the right shape being more long & thin like hake or huss. But maybe they chop the wings off - any idea? Thanks very much.

  22. Caroline~
    Wow, you live in one of my favorite cities in the world!!
    Hm, about that fish name, is it in dialect? Razza came to mind but if you say the shape is different... Huss is a kind of shark, no?
    Sorry I can't be helpful...

  23. This is a great piece of work/research and would make a superb article. Fascinating and such a relevant subject with all the discussion at the moment about sustainability/marine conservation.

    1. Thank you and apologies for acknowledging your comment this late!

  24. What a fantastic blog. This will help me enormously as I've been really struggling to find out what some of the fish are! THANK YOU! SUPERB!

    1. Thank YOU and apologies for acknowledging your comment this late!

  25. Grazie
    Era da tanto che cercavo di arricchire il mio vocabolario ittico

    1. Grazie a te mi fa piacere che ti sia stato utile :)

  26. I had a fruition di mare dish while living in Naples at a restaurant on the Bay that, per my memory, was a lot like cevviche. Along with squid and octopus, there was a long, thin mussel that was used. Do you have any ideas about what that mussel might have been?
    Thank you. Alison

  27. I had a fruition di mare dish while living in Naples at a restaurant on the Bay that, per my memory, was a lot like cevviche. Along with squid and octopus, there was a long, thin mussel that was used. Do you have any ideas about what that mussel might have been?
    Thank you. Alison

    1. Ciao Alison,
      thanks for your comment. The long thin mussel may have either been a razor clam (cannolicchi di mare or telline, which are smaller
      But did you eat them raw like ceviche?

  28. These are really great, thank you. I do think that maybe you should look at the translations for oysters and lake trout again though. The latin names you give are for North American species. The Italian lake trout you speak of is probably the brown trout (Salmo trutta) and I am guessing the osyters most common in Italy these days are Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) (which seem to be taking over most of Europe).

  29. Hi drewshap, thank you for your helpful comment. I have gone in and changed the Latin appellations as you suggested.
    Happy holidays!

  30. swam next to a some silver flat(ish) fish in Zahara de los Atunes-a black spot just before the tail fin.Any ideas?

  31. Ritunno in sicilia what is called in English please and thank

  32. Thank you. Been snorkeling in salerno rom amalfi and wanted to look up some fish names.